Other changes to the citizenship process include:
- A more stringent English language test involving reading, writing, listening and speaking;
- Providing evidence of integration into the community, such as employment history, school enrolment or membership of community organisations;
- Having already been a permanent resident for at least four years;
- Allowing applicants to apply only three times, and automatically failing anyone who cheats on a test.
When asked about reports that applicants would be quizzed on whether they supported forced child marriage or female genital mutilation, MP Turnbull said it was important to “reinforce our values”.
“If we believe that respect for women and children [is an Australian value]… then why should that not be made a key part, a fundamental part, a very prominent part, of our process to be an Australian citizen?”
The requirements would apply to all new applications for citizenship, the government said.
On Tuesday, the government said it would replace a controversial visa scheme to make it harder for foreign nationals to work in Australia.
PM Turnbull said both announcements had been made in the national interest.
The opposition Labor Party accused PM Turnbull of making announcements for political gain.
“It seems a little odd to me that you would actually ask people whether or not they are going to obey the law when they already pledge to obey the law,” said Labor senator Penny Wong.